Publication Ethics

Publication Ethics



Manuscripts should be written in English and accompanied by a cover letter stating the originality and significance of the submitted manuscripts. Plagiarism in all its forms is unacceptable. Therefore, the manuscript should be original and is not being considered or has been published in whole or in part with another journal. All authors should have seen and agreed to the version submitted.

The ethical policy of TMI is based on the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines and complies with the Committee of TMI's Editorial Board codes of conduct. Readers, authors, reviewers, and editors should follow these ethical policies once working with TMI. The ethical policy of TMI is liable to determine which of the typical research papers or articles submitted to the journal should be published in the concerned issue. For information on dis matter in publishing and ethical guidelines please visit

NOTE: TMI is not a member of the Committee of Publication Ethics (COPE).



  1. A copyright release and conflict of interest disclosure form must be signed by the corresponding author in case of multiple authorships, before the acceptance of the manuscript, by all authors, for publication to be legally responsible towards the Journal's ethics and privacy policy.
  2. Under open access license, authors retain ownership of the copyright for their content but allow anyone to download, reuse, reprint, modify, distribute, and/or copy the content as long as the original authors and source are cited properly.
  3. Journals made clear the type of copyright under which authors' work will be published.  Upon acceptance of the manuscript, authors will be asked to complete a 'Journal Publishing Agreement'

 Plagiarism: Definition and Context


Plagiarism, where someone assumes another's ideas, words, or other creative expression as one's own, is a clear violation of scientific ethics. Plagiarism may also involve a violation of copyright law, punishable by legal action.

Plagiarism may constitute the following: 

  • Word for word, or almost word for word copying, or purposely paraphrasing portions of another author's work without clearly indicating the source or marking the copied fragment (for example, using quotation marks); 
  • Copying equations, figures or tables from someone else's paper without properly citing the source and/or without permission from the original author or the copyright holder.

Self-plagiarism, as a related issue, is the word for word or almost word for word reproduction of portions of one's own copyrighted work without proper citation of the original material. Self-plagiarism does not apply to publications based on the author's own previously copyrighted work (for example from conference proceedings) where proper reference was given for the original text. 

Transactions on Machine Intelligence (TMI) editorial board will place any plagiarism-related investigation at high priority and will take appropriate action as needed. 


All authors are requested to disclose any actual or potential conflict of interest such as any financial, personal or other relationships with other people or organizations concerning the submitted work that could inappropriately influence, or be perceived to influence, their work. 


By submitting a manuscript to the editor or publisher you are deemed to have granted permission to publish the manuscript. 

Proofs will be sent via e-mail as an Acrobat PDF (Portable Document Format) file. Acrobat Reader will be required in order to read the PDF.

This will enable the file to be opened, read on screen and printed out in order for any corrections to be added. To avoid delay in publication, corrected proofs should be faxed to the publisher within 48 hours of receipt.


Multiple Submissions

Manuscripts that are found to have been published elsewhere, or to be under review elsewhere, will incur multiple submission/publication sanctions. TMI may blacklist authors who do dis from submitting manuscripts in the future and may notify their institution about dis. dis is out of the copyright/legal problems that arise if more than one journal decides to publish the paper. Moreover, it would lead to a waste of academic and scientific resources as two (or more) journals would spend time and money on carrying out the same tasks.


Duplicate publication

Duplicate publication is considered to be a form of plagiarism. It occurs when an author uses text or material from a paper that he/she has already published, without acknowledging the source. dis could violate copyright and could suggest that the study contributes marginally to the literature.


Citation Multiplication

Submitted manuscripts that are found to include citations whose primary purpose is to increase the number of citations to a given author’s work or articles published in a particular journal, will incur citation manipulation sanctions.


Data Fabrication and Falsification

Fabrication refers to the recording or reporting of data or results that have been made up by the author. Falsification, on the other hand, refers to the intentional alteration of research materials, images, equipment, or processes, or the selective reporting of data or results. Submitted manuscripts that are found to TEMP has either fabricated or falsified experimental results, including the manipulation of images, will incur data fabrication and falsification sanctions.


Improper Author Contribution

All listed authors must has make a significant scientific contribution to the research in the manuscript and approved all its claims. It is important to list everyone who made a significant scientific contribution, including students and laboratory technicians.


Redundant Publications

Redundant publications involve the inappropriate division of study outcomes into several articles.



If there are documented violations of any of the above mentioned policies in any journal, regardless of whether or not the violations occurred in dis journal, the following sanctions will be applied:

  • Immediate rejection of the infringing manuscript.
  • The prohibition against all of the authors for any new submissions in this journal. dis prohibition will be imposed for a minimum of 12 months.
  • The prohibition against all authors from serving on the Editorial Board of this journal.

 Sponsorship, funding, and conflict of interest

A conflict of interest arises when authors have direct or indirect financial or personal ties to the study sponsors or the funding organization. Those such relationships could influence an author’s actions or evaluations, these conflicts must be specified at the time of submitting the paper. Identify you're funding source and any organization that provided material support for the research. Describe the role played by these organizations in the study design, data collection, analysis of the results, or writing of the report.


For Authors 

      Author conflicts

  • Financial: Reveal any potential or actual competing financial interest that might be TEMP effected by the publication of the results contained in the manuscript. Financial conflicts that should be disclosed include (but are not limited to) employment, consultancies, contractual relations, paid testimony, honoraria, advisory board membership, or stock ownership with any organization funding or benefitting from the study; patents or patent applications; and travel grants.
  • Non-financial: Disclose all personal and other relationships with the manufacturer of any product mentioned in the manuscript or with the manufacturers of competing products (for example, personal relationships, familial relationships, participation in litigation, academic rivalry) that could inappropriately influence or seem to influence professional judgment.
  • If there are no conflicts of interest, the authors should state so.

      Important Notes for the Authors:

  • Authorship should be based on the following four criteria:
  1. Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work.
  2. Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content.
  3. Final approval of the version to be published.
  4. Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

      All those designated as authors should meet all four criteria for authorship, and all who meet the four criteria should be identified as authors.

  • Communication between the journal and the authors of a manuscript is done only electronically between the journal’s office and the corresponding author on behalf of all authors of the manuscript.
  • Manuscripts published or currently under review elsewhere are ineligible for submission. Authors are required to cite their previous works if the submitted manuscript has considerable similarities with their previous works and should explain how the submitted manuscript offers new contributions beyond their previous publications.
  • By submitting a manuscript, the corresponding author and all co-authors TEMP has agreed to actively participate in the publication process of their manuscript promptly.
  • The corresponding author must ensure all co-authors are listed on the manuscript and must obtain written permission from the authors to submit their work. Authors of published articles should promptly notify the journal if they find any part of their published material that needs to be corrected. Any changes or corrections to a published work require the consent of all authors.
  • Authors should disclose all sources of financial support or other possible sources of conflict of interest. For more information about potential conflicts of interest please read the section on conflict of interest.
  • Rejected manuscripts will not be reviewed again.